The Civil Rights movement occurred throughout the 20th century, and was a movement for the equality of African Americans in
America; the immediate goals of many Civil Rights activists were to eliminate prejudices and segregation, and eventually to
establish equality and interracial integration in every aspect. It mainly took place in the United States, but its effects
were felt throughout the entire world.
The Civil Rights movement began to gain increasing momentum in the 1950s and 1960s, when Civil Rights activists such as
Martin Luther King Jr. began their career in helping end segregation and racism. Bayard Rustin was a major influence to Martin
Luther King Jr., along with many other famous Civil Rights leaders. In fact, he was responsible for organizing the march
on Washington, and for founding numerous institutions dedicated to ending segregation.